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Energy is one of the most important issues in todayâ€™s society. The Industrial Revolution was driven by fossil fuels, which can be credited with the high standard of living we enjoy today. Today 80% of global energy comes from fossil fuels. However, fossil fuels are nonrenewable and will not last forever. Society will need to shift from fossil fuels to other energy sources eventually.
How much do you know about energy issues? Go to the following website: http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/energy_in_brief/. Read through the information on the site, and answer the questions below.
1. Which country is the largest consumer of petroleum (oil)?
2. What percentage of U.S. consumed oil is produced in the United States?
3. Which country is the largest supplier of oil to the United States, and what percentage does this country supply?
4. What percentage of oil does the U.S. import from the Middle East?
5. What percentage of U.S. energy supply comes from renewable sources (wind, solar, hydroelectric, biomass, geothermal)?
6. Most renewable energy comes from which source?
7. Which renewable energy source is growing the fastest in the U.S.?
8. Renewable energy sources are used primarily for what type of use?
9. Which country is the leader in alternative energy usage and why?
10. List two reasons why alternative energies are better than fossil fuels.
11. List two reasons why alternative energy sources are not used more.
12. List five gasses considered to be â€œgreenhouse gasses.â€
13. List five countries that are the leading emitters of greenhouse gasses.
14. Most greenhouse gas emissions (44%) are coming from which type of fossil fuel?
15. How much of the worldâ€™s total energy-related carbon dioxide emissions were from the United States