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Leadership and management are intertwined concepts as one thrives off the other to create a more wholesome result. However, not all managers are leaders. A leader is a person that is followed by others because of a specific set of qualities and behaviors that evoke trust and sense of direction. Managers are people to achieve results from the work of others. Managers control and coordinate how things are done in a more administrative approach (Weiss, Tappen & Grimley, 2019).
I believe leaders can be effective managers but most managers lack leadership as they follow rules and standards to achieve goals. Leaders are inspired and inspire others through motivation and encouragement. They draw from the strengths of others collectively to find solutions. Managers while effectively obtaining results are often focused on authority and completing of a task and not fostering an environment where employees can thrive (Weiss et al., 2019).
The management style displayed in a nursing unit is transactional management. Transactional management focuses on offering rewards for tasks. It promotes motivation to achieve goals. Results are obtained and staff engagement is increased. The staff has a positive response to this style because it is a successful way to approach tasks that staff may not be willing to participate in such as overtime but providing bonuses or increased pay the target is met (Tian-Syung et al., 2019).
To be a good nurse manager it is necessary to represent the staff by acknowledging concerns and actively engage to resolve them. An effective nurse manager is one that mentors the staff based on experience, is an information source between administrators and staff and vice versa, and also communicates effectively (Weiss et al., 2019).
The nurse manager in the unit engages in many tasks pertaining to her role. Some of the interpersonal tasks are communicating with different disciplines within the unit such as staff nurses, administrators and patients. The decisional activities involve conducting employee performance reviews, awarding funds to cover necessary expenses while maintaining the budget, hiring new staff and coordinating the use of supplies to maintain the unit as cost effective as possible. The informational activities consist of sharing information with nurses and other members of the staff pertaining to policies or observations. (Weiss et al., 2019).
Rewarding the staff for undertaking work in less than ideal conditions is a way to boost morale and show appreciation to the staff for continuing to put their best effort forward. Nurse managers are in the capacity to use their position to provide their employees with incentives such as vacation time, salary raise and recognition as a way to thank them for their contribution (Weiss et al., 2019). Creating opportunities for staff to engage with family and work-family as well in activities such as picnics or luncheons allows for a personal life and work balance (Miller, 2010). These rewards maintain a positive working environment and increase productivity.