Students with learning disabilities
Student with learning disabilities have difficulties in reading because of the complexities in the neurobiological. These students have a barrier in decoding printed words. Those with difficulties in phonological processing find it hard to sound out unfamiliar words. Another challenge is associating sounds with letters. This problem connects to spelling words because one cannot spell a word accurately when they cannot hear all the sounds in the word. These barriers can be solved by accurate phonological awareness that includes hearing different sounds and the ability to manipulate sounds in words. These abilities don’t come naturally to students. The process of phonological awareness must be taught explicitly to students for them to acquire the knowledge.
Early interventions to students with learning disabilities
More so, at a younger age as children are leaving kindergarten, some exhibit significant delays in phonological awareness. Early interventions should be accorded to the children to bring a real difference to students with limited levels of phonological awareness. Teaching phonemic awareness helps a student to acquire the skills to of distinguishing sounds in three different locations that includes beginning, end of words, and the middle of words. Each of these abilities are different and a child should master them all. A child needs to blend sounds together to make a full word or sentence. As they continue in their learning, the words become more complex and the phonemic awareness skills are enhanced.
Assessing students with learning disabilities
Doing an assessment of the child’s phonemic awareness helps to explore their abilities to segment or isolate sounds in short words. The assessment helps to realize whether a child requires special help in phonological awareness. The evaluation process would be as simple as playing a game with the child that involves letters and words. For example, one can tell a child that they are going to say the sounds they here form the word pat. The first sound, last sound, and the middle sound. Children with good phonemic awareness will be in a position to recognize the sounds in the simple words. However, child develop at different paces but their milestones at different grades in school should be meet accordingly. For the student living with learning disabilities, they should acquire additional help to achieve the milestones. The presence of different phonemic awareness assessment tools supported by research helps to monitor the progress of a child abilities across different grades. Having the evidence whether a child is experience difficulties is necessary in phonological processing in knowing how best to meet his or her needs.