Bio-Psycho-Social-Spiritual Model of Substance Use

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Bio-Psycho-Social-Spiritual Model of Substance Use

Substance use involves the continuous use of illegal drugs, which negatively affect a person. The biopsychosocial model is an approach used in understanding substance use disorder. The model considers the biological, psychological, social, and spiritual factors in understanding people’s health. Rather than focusing on one thing which causes people to engage in substance use, the bio-psycho-social-spiritual model helps explain a constellation of factors leading a person to engage in substance use. The paper discusses the bio-psycho-social-spiritual model of substance use.

Substance use is recognized as a complicated disorder that affects the different elements of the human body system. When understanding the bio-psycho-social-spiritual model, it is critical to evaluate how each facet influences substance use among people. The facets include:

Biological – The Body

The biological facet explains how people’s cravings for substance use develop. When people use substances like alcohol, the brain gets used to it. The body develops pleasure from the use of illicit drugs leading to addiction. People may use drugs to drive the stress of depression from their bodies (Brown et al., 2022). However, the continuous use of the substances affects the brain. Drug use alters the brain’s functionality because of its impact on the central nervous system; this affects how people think and act when they experience a problem. Caring for the human body can help a person recover from the effects of drugs on the body. Some interventions for the biological factors include exercise, medical care, sleep, and nutrition.




Various psychological elements are linked to substance use. The psychological model of substance use is based on people’s emotions and reactions to the reward they get from their behavior. Sensations inside a person’s body can trigger them to engage in substance use (Brown et al., 2022). For instance, a person may have a low mood which might affect their behavior. However, when they see a drug that can change their emotions, their brains can be triggered toward the substance, making them crave the substance use. Psychological constructs like self-worth and people’s life experiences like trauma can trigger them to engage in substance use. People can prevent and control the psychological connection to substance use by seeking counseling and engaging in positive self-talk to build self-esteem.


People’s social life has a direct effect on their mental health. Social norms, approvals, and practices can influence people to engage in substance use. Learning from the environment and peer pressure influences people who get involved in substance use at an early stage. How a culture interrelates with drug use can contribute to people’s use of substances (Braganza & Oliveira, 2022). For example, some cultures hold that men should taste alcohol at some point. The idea of interacting with drugs in life can influence people to become addicted. Likewise, some communities become more exposed to alcohol and tobacco advertisements; this influences their ability to try the products. The social environment where a person exists can be a contributing factor for them to substance use.




People’s spiritual life determines their behavior in the social environment. Individuals connected to God obey the commandments and follow religious teachings. Disconnection from God contributes to immoral behavior like bad company, which can influence people to substance use (Braganza & Oliveira, 2022). When people sin, they get separated from God. As a result, they lose meaning in life, resulting in substance abuse that can cause addiction.

In conclusion, the bio-psycho-social-spiritual model explains the reason why people engage in substance use. Biological factors cause cravings for substance use when people derive pleasure from the drugs. People with psychological issues like mental problems or low self-esteem can use substances to prevent their problems. A person’s social life is determined by the people they interact with and their environment; this can contribute to the use of substances.










Braganza, M., & Oliveira, J. (2022). Using the bio-psycho-social-spiritual framework in holistic health and well-being: A case example of a community-and faith-based sports program. Christian Journal for Global Health9(1), 94-104.

Brown, G., Durette, L., Ebright, T., & Cho, K. (2022). Restoring Wholeness to Psychiatry: Models of Understanding. International Journal of Healing and Caring22(2), 1.

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Opioid Addiction

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Opioid Addiction

Nurses work as professionals to improve the health outcome of a patient. In their profession, nurses use evidence-based practices to develop a plan to enhance good patient care. Opioid addiction involves the condition where a patient starts abusing drugs in the opioid class and fails to stop because of the pleasure associated with the usage. The paper investigates a patient with opioid addiction and evaluates the nursing and leadership strategies that can help address the problem.

Definition of a Patient, Family, or Population Health Problem that is Relevant to the Practice

The problem explored involves opioid addiction. An opioid is a drug that people take and can sometimes be legal or illegal. Addiction is a condition where something that started as pleasure for a person has changed, and they cannot live without it. Opioids trigger the brain’s feel-good neurotransmitters, which make a person always need them from time to time to satisfy their pleasure. Endorphins create a sense of well-being by boosting the feelings of joy and muffling the pain perception that a person might have. Opioid addiction has become common among people who purchase pain-relieving drugs that later make them addicted and they cannot live without them.

During the practicum, the patient I intend to work with is a family member who has been struggling in life because of opioid addiction. Some years back, the patient had a traumatic injury that caused much pain. The patient got a prescription for oxycodone from a pharmacist that would help him relieve the pain. However, the patient was addicted to the drug and has been unable to stop it for the last two years. The family members and friends have contributed a lot to help the patient quit the opioid addiction, but this has not worked. Family members’ efforts to help the patient from the addiction involve taking him for guidance and counseling. The family members have also sought help from healthcare providers to treat the patient from the addiction. However, the patient has been getting over-the-counter opioid drugs to satisfy his pleasure.

The problem is relevant to my practice as a baccalaureate-prepared nurse because it involves identifying patient difficulties and using the available skills and knowledge learned to develop a solution for the problem. Addiction is a problem that requires professional knowledge and skills to solve. Proper communication with the patient is vital when solving the problem because it helps to understand the patient’s needs, family issues, and medical history. As a result, this can lead to developing effective nursing strategies to address the problem.

Evidence from Peer-Reviewed Literature and Professional Sources

According to Brown & Capili (2020), nurses have a role in addressing the opioid addiction crisis. The authors explain that when patients seek medical help for opioid addiction, there are medical professionals who neglect them because they associate it with substance abuse. However, the article explains that implementing opioid use screening tools and holding motivational talks with patients are actions nurses can take to address opioid addiction. Mahmoud et al. (2019) support the discussion by explaining how working experience provides nurses with the skills required to handle opioid cases. Personal and professional attitudes are essential because they guide the nurses in making decisions when dealing with opioid patients.

When determining if the data is unreliable, it is essential to use the CRAAP model. The approach evaluates if the data source meets the currency, relevance, authority, accuracy, and purpose criteria. Therefore, I would know if the data is unreliable if it comes from a source that does not meet one of the CRAAP model criteria.

Saini et al. (2022) explained the barriers that may prevent implementing evidence-based practice in addressing the opioid crisis. Stigma is a common issue in healthcare that can affect implementing strategies to solve the opioid problem. Nibbelink & Brewer (2018) explained that involving nurses in decision-making is essential for improving patient care policies. Nurses understand the patients without instilling stigma or judgment and thus participate in policy and standard development, which can help address the patient’s problems. In opioid patients, the nurses have a professional view of the healthcare issue, enhancing informed policy decisions.

The literature explains that Neuman’s system model concerns the whole person. According to Idowu et al. (2022), nursing is a unique profession and focuses on all aspects affecting individual responses to stress. When addressing a problem, nurses focus on the patient and all variables associated with their health. A nurse establishes a holistic assessment approach that helps address the problem using evidence-based models.

State Board Nursing Practice Standards or Organizational or Governmental Policies Could Affect the Opioid Addiction

State organizations and governmental policies are essential in issuing guidelines that ensure responsible prescription of opioids. The prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) is a governmental policy that addresses high-risk opioid-prescribing and opioid-seeking behaviors. Haffajee (2019) explained that PDMP is an essential policy in tracking the dispensation of controlled substances. However, many stakeholders have expressed concerns about the utility of PDMPs, especially their potential inadvertent consequences. The Texas board of nursing is one of the nursing standards whose guidelines affect the outcomes of patients with opioid addiction (Haffajee, 2019). The board requires all licensed nurses to prescribe controlled substances following guidelines for prescribing certain types of controlled substances.

Nurses are essential in policymaking to improve health outcomes, prevent illness, and decrease hospital readmissions. Consultation involves a critical role that enables nurses to improve health outcomes by reducing complications. Nursing consultation is essential in decision-making concerning a patient with opioid addiction due to the impact of the nurse consultant’s role on health promotion (Yousefi et al., 2019). When a patient experiences opioid addiction, nurses play a vital role in guiding them to undertake problem-solving through consultation. Nurses also ensure clear communication across a patient’s continuum of care and improve discharge processes through disease and medication education to reduce hospital readmissions. Nurses prevent illnesses by providing safe, effective nursing care that prevents common illnesses that can affect health outcomes.

Local, state and federal legislations affect nursing practice in the context of opioid addiction. States have various levers that focus on addressing opioid-related adverse events and improving access to evidence-based treatment for opioid addiction and related health problems. Medicaid involves a vital policy tool for paying for treatment and increasing access to treatment. Medication-assisted treatment (MAT) coverage is a state policy tool that aims to engage and help patients recover from opioid addiction (Sandoe et al., 2018). The policy tool helps treat substance use health problems, sustain recovery, and minimize overdose. The regulations have demonstrated success in minimizing opioid use and retaining patients in treatment.

Leadership Strategies to Improve Outcomes, Patient-Centered Care, and the Patient Experience Related to the Patient with Opioid Addiction

Leadership strategies are essential in improving health outcomes and patient experiences and helping healthcare teams to offer patient-centered care. Transformational leadership involves a leadership approach that nurses need to implement reforms in healthcare to improve patient experiences and outcomes and provide patient-centered care. Transformational leadership promotes teamwork and improved patient care, which is essential in improving patient experience (Fischer, 2016). A nurse requires transformational leadership competencies to develop cultures of safety among nurses, which is essential for offering patient-centered care. Competencies for transformational leadership in healthcare involve emotional intelligence, communication, collaboration, training, and mentoring. The anticipated role of leadership in addressing opioid addiction involves improving patient outcomes through medication education. Opioid addiction is a health problem requiring individuals to undergo education on proper medication use. Care coordination is another role that leadership plays in ensuring teamwork among nurses and providing an appropriate setting for patient-centered care (Fischer, 2016).

Collaboration and communication are essential for healthcare teams when addressing opioid addiction. Interprofessional collaboration is vital when handling patients with opioid addiction; teamwork is essential for patient education and health promotion for opioid addiction. Patient engagement is another anticipant communication strategy nurses require when interacting with patients because it is essential for improving patient experiences (Yousefi et al., 2019). Engaging patients in healthcare ensures that patients get the best care and improves clinical outcomes. Change management involves an organized, planned approach with techniques that enable healthcare organizations to alter workflows impeccably. Engaging nurses at every stage is an anticipated strategy for addressing opioid addiction. Nurse engagement involves a vital change management strategy when implementing evidence-based strategies for reducing opioid misuse and overdose treatment.


Opioid addiction is one of the many current health issues, and nurses play a vital role in addressing the problem. Nursing standards and policies guide nurses to collaborate when handling opioid addiction. Nurses contribute personal views on healthcare problems which influence the formulation of healthcare policies. Nursing consultation is essential in decision-making concerning a patient with opioid addiction due to the impact of nurse communication on health promotion. Transformational leadership is a leadership approach in which nurses require fostering teamwork and improved patient care, which is essential in improving patient experience.



Brown, K. G., & Capili, B. (2020). The Pathophysiology of and Nursing Interventions for Opioid Use Disorder. The American journal of nursing120(6), 38. doi: 10.1097/01.NAJ.0000668736.80609.4e

Fischer, S. A. (2016). Transformational leadership in nursing: a concept analysis. Journal of advanced nursing72(11), 2644-2653.

Haffajee, R. L. (2019). Prescription drug monitoring programs—Friend or folly in addressing the opioid-overdose crisis?. The New England journal of medicine381(8), 699.

Idowu, O. A., Oyekunle, A. A., Fajemilehin, B. R., & Idowu-Olutola, O. M. (2022). Applying the Betty Neuman Model to Explain the Relationship between Workload as Stressors and Shift Work Disorder among Nurses; a Conceptual Model. South Asian Res J Nurs Health Care4(3), 41-44.

Mahmoud, K. F., Finnell, D. S., Sereika, S. M., Lindsay, D., Schmitt, K., Cipkala-Gaffin, J., … & Mitchell, A. M. (2021). Personal and professional attitudes associated with nurses’ motivation to work with patients with opioid use and opioid use-related problems. Substance Abuse42(4), 780-787.

Nibbelink, C. W., & Brewer, B. B. (2018). Decision‐making in nursing practice: An integrative literature review. Journal of Clinical Nursing27(5-6), 917-928.

Saini, J., Johnson, B., & Qato, D. M. (2022). Self-Reported Treatment Need and Barriers to Care for Adults With Opioid Use Disorder: The US National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2015 to 2019. American journal of public health112(2), 284-295.

Sandoe, E., Fry, C. E., & Frank, R. G. (2018). Policy levers that states can use to improve opioid addiction treatment and address the opioid epidemic. Health Affairs Blog. Accessed at www. healthaffairs. org/do/10.1377/hblog2018092751221.

Yousefi, H., Ziaee, E. S., & Golshiri, P. (2019). Nurses’ consultative role to health promotion in patients with chronic diseases. Journal of Education and Health Promotion8.

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Military culture

Military culture

Military culture

Military culture is a combination of beliefs, ideologies, worldviews, and perceptions that determines their style, functions, task response, dedication to service, and loyalty to their superiors. According to Hall (2012), this culture is unique from the rest of the civilians and should be understood by different professionals before offering help or services to the military groups. Working with military families requires a clear understanding of the military culture, including the spoken and unspoken assumptions. Their children are affected by this culture since one of the parents is often absent and separated from normal society. Ordinary citizens have their perceptions of the military culture, and some of their concepts lead to young people desiring to join the military. These perceptions include monetary benefits and a sense of identity or belonging. Parents will encourage their sons or daughters to join the military if they have no drive or focus because military culture is known to give young people direction and focus.

The military culture is shaped by its core values, including subordination of oneself to the greater good of the group, clear rules, and sacrifice for a greater course. The changing culture accommodates the societal and international dynamics that affect security measures. When working with military groups or individuals, it’s crucial to respect and comply with their sense of identity as people who offer security for others, are mission-focused, and are oriented to results (Dandeker, 2021). Understanding this culture becomes essential when working with soldiers to reach their goals and personal growth and prioritize their mission priorities and their families. It is advised that psychologists who work in the military department to respect this culture to ensure progress and validity of their work.



Dandeker, C. (2021). On ‘the need to be different: recent trends in military culture. The British Army, manpower and society into the twenty-first century, 173-187.

Hall, L. K. (2012). The importance of understanding military culture. In Advances in social work practice with the military (pp. 3-17). Routledge.

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Care Coordination for a Nursing Home_ Assignment Help

Care Coordination for a Nursing Home

In nursing, the code of ethics guides the coordination of care, the decisions they make, and their impact on the patient and the general community. A nursing home requires a code of ethics because it influences care coordination in its facility. The selected group is a nursing home in California, United States. The group deals with caring for older people who are not safe to receive care in their homes. However, various government policies and provisions affect care coordination in the nursing home; the policies raise ethical questions. The paper explains the care coordination in a nursing home and how the code of ethics for nurses affects care coordination.

How Governmental Policies Related to the Health and Safety of the Community Affect the Coordination of Care

Communities operate in the context of the state and federal policies that the government develops to protect the people. Government policies related to the health and safety of a community affect the coordination of care by influencing the decisions made on people’s health. When healthcare providers in the community coordinate the care of the community, there are government policies that they consider essential in influencing their decisions. One of the specific policies affecting the nursing home involves the Affordable Care Act. The policy makes health insurance a legal expectation. According to the Act, most U.S. citizens can apply for health insurance coverage (Collins & Saylor, 2018). People who fail to secure insurance coverage from their employers can consider the minimum essential coverage, including Medicare or Medicaid. The policy affects the coordination of care in the nursing home by ensuring that people can get the necessary care services with or without insurance. The government uses this policy to protect the people in this nursing home from the high cost of medical care that they may incur while seeking the services.

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA) is the other specific nursing home policy. The policy formed in 1996 protects the patients from discrimination brought by their health problems. In the nursing home, there might be a scenario where patients are denied healthcare services because of their health problems. However, HIPPA influences the coordination of care in the organization by ensuring that all the patients get an equal treatment that is safe regardless of their health problems.

National, State, and Local Policy Provisions that Raise Ethical Questions or Dilemmas for Care Coordination

The United States faces many ethical questions in its policy provisions related to care coordination. Some policy provisions are in the national and state government, while others are local. At the federal level, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act is a policy provision that raises ethical questions in care coordination. Despite the benefits of the policy provision for United States citizens, the policy is not clear for immigrants seeking medical help from different healthcare facilities (Townsend et al., 2017). For example, some immigrants need nursing home services; the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act may fail to protect them, raising an ethical dilemma in care coordination.

The state policy provision requires the citizens to have health insurance. For example, in California, the state government provides Californians with health insurance when seeking medical help. The policy was referred to as an individual mandate because it required all people in the state to have insurance coverage. However, the provision raised ethical concerns because it did not address the issue of employers who deny employees insurance coverage. Local policy provisions also raise ethical questions for care coordination (Townsend et al., 2017). The local government provides U.S. citizens with quality healthcare from government health facilities. However, the issue of the increased cost of healthcare raises ethical concerns. An ethical dilemma may arise in care coordination as physicians handle poor patients without adequate financial support. Some services required by the patient may be expensive in a nursing home, thus raising the question of whether physicians should treat the patients or send them away. Despite the government spending a lot of revenue on drugs, the healthcare cost remains high in the United States for low-income families to afford.

Assess the Impact of the Code of Ethics for Nurses on the Coordination and Continuum of Care

The code of ethics for nurses set provisions that guide communication and interaction among interdisciplinary members during care coordination. The provisions enable nurses to uphold their role in developing strategies and aligning with family and patients at all points of the continuum of care. The code is essential for prioritizing policy options for advancing care coordination and proposing actionable strategies and leadership to advance the implementation of the continuum of care. Nurses rely on the code of ethics when undertaking their medical role in supporting patients while upholding morals in the health care practice (Bower, 2016). The code of ethics enables nurses to accord patients respect and offer the best services. Ethical codes that guide nursing practice may sometimes limit nurses’ creativity during care coordination. The situation might significantly affect care coordination which interferes with the quality of continuum of care implementation.

Factors contributing to health entail the situations and issues surrounding where a person is born, lives, works, and grows. Personal, environmental, social, and economic factors contribute to a person’s health. The factors involve medical care, genetics, environmental influences, behavior, and social factors. The health of any person largely depends on the factors surrounding work and lifestyle. Social determinants are responsible for health disparities that people experience when accessing health.

Health people 2020 explains issues that contribute to health disparities and how society can live healthily. Health people 2020 targets social determinants of health that contribute to health disparities. The determinants involve the factors that affect a person’s health and satisfaction. The framework categorizes social determinants of health into five groups: social context, economic stability, health, health care, environment, and education. Community organizations that focus on health require collaboration programs to address a society’s health needs.

Key Ethical and Policy Issues in a Presentation Affecting the Coordination and Continuum of Care for a Nursing Home

Nursing homes experience a significant effect of government policies and laws that focus on improving overall health provision to society. Policy issues like laws and government regulations significantly affect care coordination in nursing homes. For example, HIPAA provisions require nursing homes to offer the security of patient health information. The policies focus on expanding healthcare coverage admittance, advancing preventive consideration, and lower medical expenses. Policy issues that require nursing homes to increase the delivery of quality care affect the coordination of care in the facilities because of poor staffing (Lamb et al., 2015). Ethical issues affecting coordination and care continuum in nursing homes involve providing care during acuity. Policies requiring nursing homes to cater to excess patients requiring acute care contribute to ethical issues. Patient neglect is prevalent in such situations where poor staffing worsens that issue.

Nursing homes have little to contribute to the overall economy; hence, they have few benefits to gain from care continuum of care. Policy issues guiding care coordination in nursing homes enable the community to access care services that align with the nursing code of ethics. Ethical issues that guide nurses to offer the best medical care facilitate effective implementation of coordination and continuum of care in a nursing home. Community organizations play a vital role in helping people avoid health determinants and achieve well-being and personal satisfaction.


Coordination of care in nursing homes can be affected by the government policies and provisions provided. The policies influence the decisions made in health facilities; as a result, this affects care coordination. Nurses rely on the code of ethics to execute care coordination while upholding morals in the health care practice. Health people 2020 targets social determinants of health that contribute to health disparities. Policy issues that require nursing homes to increase the delivery of quality care affect the coordination of care in the facilities because of poor staffing.




Bower, K. A. (2016). Nursing leadership and care coordination: creating excellence in coordinating care across the continuum. Nursing administration quarterly40(2), 98-102.doi: 10.1097/NAQ.0000000000000162

Collins, B. L., & Saylor, J. (2018). The Affordable Care Act: 8 years later. Nursing Management49(8), 42-48. doi: 10.1097/01.NUMA.0000538917.37912.d4

Lamb, G., Newhouse, R., Beverly, C., Toney, D. A., Cropley, S., Weaver, C. A., … & Peterson, C. (2015). Policy agenda for nurse-led care coordination. Nursing outlook63(4), 521-530.

Townsend, C. S., McNulty, M., & Grillo-Peck, A. (2017). Implementing huddles improves care coordination in an academic health center. Professional Case Management22(1), 29-35.

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Expert Assignment Help 2024

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Reflective Analysis of Shadow Health Virtual Assignments

 Reflective Analysis of Shadow Health Virtual Assignments

Shadow Health Virtual Assignments

Introduction; Shadow Health Virtual Assignments

Engaging in virtual assignments through platforms like Shadow Health can provide valuable opportunities for healthcare professionals to enhance their clinical skills and critical thinking abilities. In this reflective essay, I will explore my experience with the Shadow Health Musculoskeletal and Neurological assignments, highlighting the successes, challenges, findings, and areas for improvement.

What Went Well in My Assessment?

One aspect that went well in my assessment was my ability to navigate through the virtual patient encounter smoothly. The platform’s user-friendly interface facilitated seamless interaction with the virtual patient, allowing me to conduct a comprehensive assessment of their musculoskeletal and neurological systems. Additionally, I found that my communication skills improved as I effectively elicited the patient’s history and addressed their concerns.

What Did Not Go So Well? What Will I Change for My Next Assessment?

One area that presented challenges was interpreting certain physical examination findings accurately. While I was able to identify some abnormalities, there were instances where I struggled to differentiate between similar clinical manifestations. To address this, I plan to dedicate more time to reviewing relevant anatomy and refining my examination techniques before the next assessment. Additionally, seeking feedback from peers or instructors could provide valuable insights for improvement.

What Findings Did I Uncover? Shadow Health Virtual Assignments

During the assessment, I uncovered several findings related to both the musculoskeletal and neurological systems. These included muscle weakness, decreased range of motion, altered sensation, and abnormalities in reflexes. These findings provided valuable clues for further investigation and helped guide my diagnostic reasoning process.

What Questions Yielded the Most Information? Why Do I Think These Were Effective? Shadow Health Virtual Assignments

The questions that yielded the most information were those focused on the onset, duration, and characteristics of the patient’s symptoms. By obtaining a detailed history, including precipitating factors and associated symptoms, I was able to gather essential information to formulate differential diagnoses and guide subsequent management strategies. Additionally, open-ended questions encouraged the patient to express their concerns and provided valuable insights into their perspective.

What Diagnostic Tests Would I Order Based on My Findings? Shadow Health Virtual Assignments

Based on my findings, I would consider ordering diagnostic tests such as X-rays, MRI, or CT scans to further evaluate musculoskeletal abnormalities such as fractures, dislocations, or soft tissue injuries. Additionally, nerve conduction studies or electromyography may be warranted to assess nerve function and detect any underlying neurological conditions contributing to the patient’s symptoms.

What Differential Diagnoses Am I Currently Considering?

The differential diagnoses I am currently considering include musculoskeletal disorders such as osteoarthritis, rotator cuff injury, carpal tunnel syndrome, and neurological conditions such as peripheral neuropathy or radiculopathy. Each differential diagnosis requires careful consideration of the patient’s history, physical examination findings, and relevant diagnostic tests to arrive at an accurate diagnosis. Shadow Health Virtual Assignments

What Patient Teaching Were I Able to Complete? What Additional Patient Teaching Is Needed?

During the assessment, I provided patient teaching on the importance of maintaining proper body mechanics, performing range of motion exercises, and managing pain effectively. However, additional patient teaching is needed regarding medication management, adherence to treatment plans, and strategies for preventing further injury or exacerbation of symptoms.

Would I Prescribe Any Medications at This Point? Why or Why Not? If So, What?

At this point, I would consider prescribing nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or analgesics to alleviate pain and inflammation associated with musculoskeletal conditions. Additionally, muscle relaxants may be indicated to relieve muscle spasms and improve mobility. However, I would exercise caution and consider the patient’s medical history, allergies, and potential drug interactions before prescribing any medications. Shadow Health Virtual Assignments


Engaging in virtual assignments through platforms like Shadow Health provides valuable opportunities for healthcare professionals to enhance their clinical skills and critical thinking abilities. Reflecting on my experience with the Musculoskeletal and Neurological assignments, I have identified areas of success, challenges, and opportunities for improvement. By incorporating feedback, refining examination techniques, and continuing to expand my knowledge base, I am confident in my ability to provide high-quality patient care in clinical practice.

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 Excelling in Academics with ProficientWritersHub: Your Go-To Assignment Help Platform

Your Go-To Assignment Help Platform

Your Go-To Assignment Help Platform. In the fast-paced world of academia, students often find themselves juggling multiple responsibilities, from attending classes to managing extracurricular activities and part-time jobs. Amidst these commitments, assignments, essays, and homework can become overwhelming, leaving students feeling stressed and anxious about meeting deadlines and maintaining good grades. Fortunately, there’s a solution – ProficientWritersHub, your trusted partner in academic success. Your Go-To Assignment Help Platform

ProficientWritersHub is a leading online platform offering comprehensive assignment help services tailored to meet the diverse needs of students across various academic levels and subjects. Whether you’re struggling with a complex nursing assignment, grappling with psychology essays, or seeking assistance with business management projects, our team of professional tutors is here to guide you every step of the way.

Why Choose ProficientWritersHub? Your Go-To Assignment Help Platform

  1. Expert Tutors: At ProficientWritersHub, we take pride in our team of highly qualified tutors who possess extensive experience and expertise in their respective fields. Our tutors undergo a rigorous selection process to ensure that only the best minds assist you with your assignments. Whether you’re seeking help with research papers, case studies, or dissertations, our tutors have the knowledge and skills to deliver top-notch academic solutions.
  2. Customized Approach: We understand that every student has unique learning needs and preferences. That’s why we offer a personalized approach to assignment help, catering to individual requirements and instructions. Whether you need assistance with topic selection, research, writing, or editing, our tutors will work closely with you to ensure that your assignments reflect your voice and style while meeting academic standards.
  3. Timely Delivery: We understand the importance of meeting deadlines in academia. With ProficientWritersHub, you can rest assured that your assignments will be delivered on time, allowing you ample opportunity to review and request revisions if necessary. Our tutors are adept at managing tight deadlines without compromising on quality, ensuring that you never miss a submission deadline again.
  4. Plagiarism-Free Content: Academic integrity is paramount, and we adhere to the highest standards of originality and authenticity. Our tutors craft each assignment from scratch, conducting thorough research and citing sources accurately to ensure that your work is free from plagiarism. We also provide plagiarism reports upon request, giving you complete peace of mind regarding the originality of your assignments.
  5. Affordable Pricing: We understand that students often operate within tight budgets. That’s why we offer competitive pricing for our assignment help services, making academic assistance accessible to students from diverse backgrounds. Our transparent pricing structure ensures that you know exactly what to expect, with no hidden fees or extra charges.

Your Go-To Assignment Help Platform

Subjects We Specialize In:

  • Nursing Assignment Help: From care plans to case studies, our nursing tutors are well-equipped to assist you with all aspects of nursing assignments, helping you develop critical thinking skills and clinical reasoning.
  • Psychology Assignment Help: Whether you’re studying cognitive psychology, behavioral neuroscience, or social psychology, our expert tutors can provide comprehensive assistance with essays, research papers, and more.
  • Business Management Assignment Help: From strategic planning to organizational behavior, our business management tutors offer in-depth guidance and support to help you excel in your coursework and assignments.
  • Public Health Assignment Help: Our tutors specialize in various areas of public health, including epidemiology, health policy, and global health issues, providing valuable insights and analysis for your assignments.
  • Statistics Assignment Help: If you’re struggling with statistical analysis or data interpretation, our statistics tutors can help simplify complex concepts and guide you through your assignments with clarity and precision.
  • Accounts Assignment Help: Whether you’re studying financial accounting, managerial accounting, or auditing, our accounting tutors offer expert assistance with calculations, analysis, and reporting, ensuring accuracy and compliance with accounting principles.
  • Your Go-To Assignment Help Platform

In Conclusion:

At ProficientWritersHub, we are committed to empowering students to achieve their academic goals and excel in their studies. With our team of expert tutors, personalized approach, and affordable pricing, we provide comprehensive assignment help services that enable students to overcome challenges, enhance their learning experience, and secure good grades. Whether you’re facing a daunting assignment or seeking guidance to improve your academic performance, ProficientWritersHub is your trusted partner every step of the way. Place your order today and experience the difference our assignment help services can make in your academic journey.


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Elevate Your Academic Journey

Title: Elevate Your Academic Journey: Unparalleled Support at Proficient Writers Hub


Are you seeking academic excellence while balancing many assignments, essays, and projects? Look no further than Proficient Writers Hub, your trusted partner in achieving academic success. Our commitment to empowering students across diverse disciplines sets us apart as the premier destination for comprehensive academic assistance.

Comprehensive Services Tailored to Your academic Needs

At Proficient Writers Hub, we understand the complexities of academia. That’s why we offer a wide array of services designed to cater to your unique requirements:

  1. Assignment Help: From intricate problem-solving tasks to research-based projects, our experts deliver meticulously crafted assignments across various subjects and academic levels.
  2. Essay Writing: Whether it’s persuasive, analytical, or narrative essays, our seasoned writers ensure well-structured, coherent, and thought-provoking content that resonates with your audience.
  3. Dissertation Support: Undertaking a dissertation can be daunting, but our team provides comprehensive guidance—from topic selection to data analysis—ensuring a well-structured and original final submission.
  4. Proofreading Services: We understand the importance of a flawless final draft. Our proofreaders meticulously refine your work, ensuring impeccable grammar, coherence, and adherence to academic standards.

Why Choose Proficient Writers Hub?

  1. Expertise and Experience: Our team comprises seasoned professionals with vast experience across diverse academic disciplines, guaranteeing top-notch quality and depth of knowledge.
  2. Tailored Solutions: We recognize that every student’s needs are unique. Our approach is personalized to cater to individual requirements, ensuring maximum satisfaction.
  3. Timely Delivery: We prioritize deadlines without compromising quality. Our streamlined processes ensure prompt delivery of your assignments, essays, or dissertations.
  4. Originality and Quality: We guarantee plagiarism-free, authentic content that adheres to academic integrity standards, providing exceptional quality content.
  5. Confidentiality: Your privacy is our priority. We maintain strict confidentiality in all interactions and transactions, ensuring a secure and trusted experience.

Our Commitment to Your academic Success

At Proficient Writers Hub, we aim to empower students in their academic pursuits. We go beyond providing mere academic assistance; we strive to become your academic partner, supporting you through every step of your educational journey.

Our dedicated team of experts is committed to helping you achieve your academic goals, whether it’s excelling in coursework, submitting stellar assignments, or crafting compelling dissertations.

Experience Excellence in Education with Proficient Writers Hub

Join the countless students who have entrusted us with their academic success. Leap excellence today and discover the difference our services can make in your educational journey.

Our Pledge to Your Success

Beyond providing academic assistance, Proficient Writers Hub is committed to becoming your academic ally. Our mission extends beyond delivering quality content; we aim to support and guide you through your educational journey.

Our dedicated team of experts endeavors to help you achieve academic milestones, excel in coursework, submit impeccable assignments, and create dissertations that stand out.

Transform Your Academic Trajectory with Proficient Writers Hub

Join the league of students who have entrusted us with their academic aspirations. Take the definitive step towards academic success and experience the impact our services can make on your educational voyage.

Unrivaled Advantages of Choosing Proficient Writers Hub

  1. Expertise and Diversity: Our team comprises seasoned professionals with extensive experience across various academic disciplines, ensuring top-tier quality and breadth of knowledge.
  2. Customized Solutions: Recognizing the uniqueness of each student’s requirements, our approach is personalized to address individual needs, guaranteeing utmost satisfaction.
  3. Punctuality and Quality: We prioritize deadlines without compromising quality. Our streamlined processes ensure prompt delivery of your assignments, essays, or dissertations.
  4. Originality and Academic Integrity: Authenticity is paramount. We guarantee plagiarism-free content that upholds academic integrity standards, delivering exceptional quality.
  5. Confidentiality: Your privacy is sacrosanct. We maintain strict confidentiality in all interactions and transactions, providing a secure and trustworthy experience.

Visit to explore our comprehensive range of services and embark on a journey toward academic brilliance with Proficient Writers Hub!


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Excelling in Nursing Studies

 Excelling in Nursing Studies: The Significance of Professional Assignment Help


Nursing, a noble profession, demands dedication, compassion, and a profound understanding of healthcare principles. Aspiring nurses embark on a rigorous academic journey with comprehensive coursework, practical training, and research-oriented assignments. However, navigating this demanding field often presents challenges, making professional assistance a valuable asset in achieving academic success. At Proficient Writers Hub, we recognize the significance of quality assignment help for nursing students, offering tailored support to facilitate their learning journey.

The Crucial Role of Assignments in Nursing Education

Assignments in nursing education are pivotal in honing essential skills and assessing students’ comprehension of healthcare concepts. These tasks range from case studies, research papers, and clinical reports to reflective journals that foster critical thinking, analytical prowess, and practical application of theoretical knowledge. Excelling in these assignments is a testament to academic prowess and prepares future nurses for the multifaceted challenges in the healthcare domain.

Challenges Faced by Nursing Students in Assignments

Pursuing excellence in nursing studies often comes with its share of hurdles. Some common challenges encountered by nursing students include:

  1. Time Constraints: Balancing clinical rotations, lectures, and practical training alongside assignment deadlines can be overwhelming.
  2. Complexity of Topics: Nursing assignments often cover intricate medical concepts, necessitating in-depth research and understanding.
  3. Clinical Demands: The demanding nature of clinical duties leaves students with limited time for comprehensive assignment completion.
  4. Language Barriers: For international students, language barriers can pose challenges in articulating their thoughts effectively in written assignments.

How Professional Assistance Can Benefit Nursing Students

Seeking professional assignment help from services like Proficient Writers Hub can significantly benefit nursing students in numerous ways:

  1. Expert Guidance: Access to seasoned professionals in the field who possess comprehensive knowledge of nursing concepts and academic requirements.
  2. Timely Submission: Assistance ensures timely submission, alleviating stress and allowing students to focus on practical training and clinical responsibilities.
  3. Quality Content: Well-researched and structured assignments demonstrating a deep understanding of nursing principles and critical thinking skills.
  4. Customized Support: Tailored assistance catering to individual learning needs, ensuring clarity in complex topics and improving overall academic performance.
  5. Plagiarism-Free Work: Guaranteed original content with adherence to academic integrity standards, ensuring authenticity and credibility in assignments.

How Proficient Writers Hub Supports Nursing Students

At Proficient Writers Hub, we understand the unique challenges faced by nursing students and offer specialized assistance that includes:

  1. Customized Nursing Assignments: Tailored solutions for various types of nursing assignments, encompassing case studies, essays, research papers, care plans, and more.
  2. Experienced Nursing Writers: A team of proficient writers with backgrounds in nursing, ensuring expert guidance and in-depth understanding of healthcare concepts.
  3. 24/7 Support: Round-the-clock customer support to address queries, offer guidance, and ensure a seamless experience for students seeking assistance.
  4. Confidentiality and Plagiarism-Free Content: Adhere to strict confidentiality standards and deliver original, plagiarism-free content.

In conclusion, for nursing students navigating the intricate landscape of academic assignments, seeking professional help from Proficient Writers Hub can be a game-changer. Our dedicated support empowers aspiring nurses, allowing them to excel in their studies and ultimately contribute meaningfully to the healthcare sector.

For comprehensive nursing assignment help and guidance, visit Proficient Writers Hub today at and embark on a journey toward academic excellence in nursing.

Order your paper Now 

Nursing assignment help

Are you a nursing student juggling between clinical duties, lectures, and challenging assignments? Striving for academic excellence while mastering the art of compassionate care is no easy feat. At Proficient Writers Hub, we understand the unique challenges nursing students face and offer specialized assignment help tailored to your academic needs.

Why Nursing Assignment Help Matters

Nursing education involves a blend of theoretical knowledge and practical application. Assignments play a pivotal role in evaluating your understanding of healthcare concepts and preparing you for real-world scenarios. However, the complexities of nursing assignments often pose challenges:

  1. Time Constraints: Balancing clinical rotations and coursework leaves little time for comprehensive assignment completion.
  2. Complex Topics: Nursing assignments encompass intricate medical concepts, demanding thorough research and analysis.
  3. Language Barriers: International students may face challenges articulating thoughts in written assignments due to language differences.
  4. Clinical Demands: The demanding nature of clinical duties can make it challenging to meet assignment deadlines.

How Our Nursing Assignment Help Benefits You

Proficient Writers Hub offers tailored solutions designed to alleviate these challenges and propel you towards academic success:

  1. Expert Guidance: Access to skilled nursing writers well-versed in healthcare concepts, ensuring in-depth understanding and expertly crafted assignments.
  2. Timely Assistance: Our support team ensures prompt delivery, allowing you to focus on practical training and clinical responsibilities without the stress of impending deadlines.
  3. Quality Content: Well-researched assignments showcasing your comprehension of nursing principles, critical thinking skills, and practical application.
  4. Customized Support: Tailored assistance addressing individual learning needs, simplifying complex topics, and improving overall academic performance.
  5. Plagiarism-Free Work: Guaranteed original content adhering to academic integrity standards, ensuring authenticity and credibility in your submissions.

Why Choose Proficient Writers Hub for Nursing Assignment Help

At Proficient Writers Hub, we prioritize your academic success:

  1. Comprehensive Assistance: Customized solutions for various nursing assignments, including case studies, essays, care plans, and more.
  2. Experienced Nursing Writers: A team comprising experienced professionals with a nursing background, ensuring expert guidance and accurate content.
  3. 24/7 Support: Round-the-clock customer support to address queries and ensure a seamless experience throughout the assignment process.
  4. Confidentiality and Authenticity: Adherence to strict confidentiality standards and delivering original, plagiarism-free content.

Embark on Your Journey Towards Academic Excellence

Don’t let challenging assignments hinder your progress. Whether you’re grappling with a case study or need assistance with a research paper, Proficient Writers Hub is here to support you on your academic journey. Take a step towards success and explore our specialized nursing assignment help today.

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Assignment Help

Excelling in Academics: The Comprehensive Guide to Assignment Help, Essay Writing, Dissertation Crafting, and Proofreading

Assignment help

In the ever-evolving landscape of academia in assignment help, students are continually challenged to excel in their studies while navigating through a myriad of assignments, essays, dissertations, and rigorous proofreading tasks. Recognizing these challenges, Proficient Writers Hub is dedicated to providing comprehensive assistance across these academic domains, ensuring students achieve excellence and surpass their academic goals.

Assignment Help: Navigating the Maze

Assignments come in various formats and disciplines, demanding adept knowledge and a structured approach. Our experts at Proficient Writers Hub are professionals who provide tailored assistance for diverse subjects, ensuring meticulous research and adherence to academic guidelines. From complex problem-solving tasks to analytical essays, our team assists students in delivering high-quality assignments within stipulated deadlines.

Essay Writing: Crafting Your Voice

Essays serve as a medium for students to articulate their perspectives and showcase their understanding of a topic. Our seasoned writers offer personalized guidance, aiding in brainstorming ideas, structuring arguments, and refining prose. Whether it’s a persuasive, argumentative, narrative, or expository essay, we ensure a coherent, well-researched, and original piece that resonates with your academic objectives.

Dissertation Writing: A Journey to Academic Eminence

Undertaking a dissertation is a significant milestone in one’s academic journey. Proficient Writers Hub provides comprehensive support in crafting well-structured, original dissertations. From choosing a research topic to conducting exhaustive literature reviews and data analysis, our team ensures meticulous attention to detail, maintaining academic integrity throughout the process.

Proofreading: Polishing Your Work to Perfection

Perfection lies in the details. Our proofreading service is dedicated to refining your work, meticulously checking for grammatical errors structural inconsistencies, and ensuring coherence in your content. With a keen eye for detail, our proofreaders meticulously scrutinize every sentence to guarantee a flawless final draft.

Why Choose Proficient Writers Hub?

  1. Expertise and Experience: Our team comprises seasoned professionals with vast experience across diverse academic disciplines.
  2. Plagiarism-Free Content: We prioritize originality, delivering content that is entirely free from plagiarism.
  3. Timely Delivery: We understand the significance of deadlines and ensure prompt delivery without compromising quality.
  4. Customized Assistance: Every student’s needs are unique, and our approach is tailored to cater to individual requirements.
  5. Confidentiality: We prioritize the privacy of our clients, ensuring complete confidentiality in all interactions.

In conclusion, Proficient Writers Hub is committed to empowering students in their academic pursuits. Whether it’s assignment help, essay writing, dissertation crafting, or meticulous proofreading, our comprehensive services aim to elevate your academic journey and help you achieve excellence.

For unparalleled academic support, visit our website at and embark on a journey toward academic success!

Order Now a paper for your assignment order.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. What services does Proficient Writers Hub offer?
  • Proficient Writers Hub provides a range of services, including assignment help, essay writing, dissertation assistance, and proofreading services across various academic disciplines.
  1. How qualified are the writers at Proficient Writers Hub?
  • Our team comprises highly qualified professionals with expertise in diverse academic fields. They hold advanced degrees and have extensive experience in academia.
  1. Are the services offered by Proficient Writers Hub confidential?
  • Yes, client confidentiality is of utmost importance to us. We prioritize the privacy and security of our client’s information.
  1. Can I request revisions if needed?
  • We strive for customer satisfaction, and revisions are provided until the client is completely satisfied with the work delivered.
  1. How do I place an order for assistance with my assignment, essay, or dissertation?
  • Placing an order is simple. Visit our website and fill out the order form with the necessary details. You can also contact our support team for guidance through the process.
  1. Are the papers provided by Proficient Writers Hub plagiarism-free?
  • Yes, we guarantee original content. Our team creates every piece of work from scratch, ensuring it is plagiarism-free and adheres to academic integrity standards.
  1. What if I have a tight deadline for my assignment or essay?
  • Proficient Writers Hub understands the importance of deadlines. We strive to accommodate urgent requests and deliver quality work within the specified timeframe.
  1. How does the proofreading service work?
  • Our proofreading service involves a thorough check for grammar, punctuation, coherence, and overall quality. Our experienced proofreaders meticulously refine your work to ensure it meets high standards.
  1. Is there customer support available for any queries or concerns?
  • Yes, our customer support team is available around the clock to address any queries or concerns you may have. Feel free to reach out to us via email, live chat, or phone.
  1. What payment methods are accepted by Proficient Writers Hub?
  • We accept various secure payment methods for your convenience, including credit/debit cards, PayPal, and other reliable payment gateways.



Looking for a similar assignment? Our writers will offer you original work free from plagiarism. We follow the assignment instructions to the letter and always deliver on time. Be assured of a quality paper that will raise your grade. Order now and Get a 15% Discount! Use Coupon Code "Newclient"